CILIOPATHIES

Cilia are microscopic, finger-like projections that stick out from the surface of cells and are involved in sensing the physical environment and chemical signaling. Motile and non-motile cilia are present in almost all cells and their dysfunction causes diseases collectively known as ciliopathies.

The number of reported ciliopathies (currently 35) is increasing, as is the number of established (187) and candidate (241) ciliopathy-associated genes.